The Employee Act 1955 (“Employment Act”) is the employment legislation that provides leave entitlements such as annual leave in Malaysia. The Employment Act covers workers defined as “employees.” Specifically, those employed as manual labour workers at any salary level and non-manual labour workers earning not more than RM2,000 per month. Workers who are not covered should refer to their employment contract to know more about their leave entitlement.
This article answered some of the common questions to help you know more about annual leave and other leave entitlements.
According to the Employment Act, these are the following leaves employees are entitled to:
Other leaves are usually unpaid and subject to employers’ approval, such as paternity, bereavement, marriage, and study leave.
The specific number of annual leave you can take depends on two conditions: company policies and years of service. While it may differ, the Employment Act states employees who have provided continuous service with the same company are entitled to:
Working during your annual leave means you did not take your day off, and you may file for another day as your leave. Similarly, if you have become entitled to sick leave during your annual leave, you shall be allowed to take it as sick leave instead.
However, you will not be entitled to paid annual leave if you took a leave of absence for a day or more than ten per cent of the day without seeking permission or having a reasonable excuse.
Your employer should provide another day as a substitute paid holiday leave if you are required to work during a public holiday. Likewise, if a public holiday overlaps with your annual leave or you need to file for sick leave, you shall be granted another day to take your holiday leave.
You are also entitled to payment of two days’ worth of wages at base pay if you work a monthly, weekly, daily, hourly, or other rates alike. For workers paid on piece rate, the payment should be twice the ordinary rate per piece. Should there be a need to render overtime, your day rate should not be less than three times your hourly rate.
Your annual leaves shall be granted and taken on or within twelve months after the end of every twelve months of continuous service. You will cease to be entitled to such leave should you fail to use them at the end of such period.
If you are not sure when to book your annual leave, here is a guide to help you get double the days off this year.
Yes, employees are still entitled to annual leave and other paid leaves even during COVID-19, wherein companies may be currently implementing work from home, flexible working hours, rotating shifts, or other work arrangements.
The law does not allow employers to remove employees’ leave entitlement even during this period or decide to enforce unpaid leave without considering the employees’ side. Unless the employment contract states, granting paid annual leave shall be followed at all times.
You are allowed to take paid sick leave should you be placed under quarantine. However, employers cannot consider your quarantine period as unpaid leave; thus, you shall still receive your salary in full. They may not also use your quarantine days as part of your annual leave. However, your employer may require you to work from home if you are able.
Now you know more about your leave entitlement, keep in mind that your annual leave and other days off are employee rights crucial in giving you a work-life balance. Regardless of how you plan to spend them, your days away from work can positively impact your personal and professional life. This is why it is wise to be more familiar with employment regulations and contract terms, as these are significant factors in your productivity and performance as well as health and safety at work.
For more expert advice on job satisfaction and workplace wellbeing, visit our Career Resource Hub.
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